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Earnings call: Vornado Realty Trust focuses on leasing and liquidity

EditorEmilio Ghigini
Published 05/09/2024, 04:26 PM
© Reuters.
VNO
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Vornado Realty Trust (NYSE:VNO), a prominent real estate investment trust, highlighted significant leasing activities and strong liquidity during its First Quarter 2024 Earnings Call.

The company announced the renewal and extension of Bloomberg's lease for a 950,000 square foot office condo at 731 Lexington Avenue, which will now run until February 2040.

The trust also detailed its leasing pipeline, credit line renewals, and market recovery, particularly in the New York office and retail sectors. Vornado's balance sheet remains robust, with $2.7 billion in liquidity, despite challenges in the financing market.

Key Takeaways

  • Bloomberg has renewed and extended its 950,000 square foot lease at 731 Lexington Avenue until February 2040.
  • Vornado Realty Trust has a significant leasing pipeline, with 370,000 square feet in negotiation and 2.5 million square feet of proposals.
  • Retail leasing market shows recovery, with vacancy rates below pre-pandemic levels and high demand for prime locations.
  • The company has extended its credit lines and is actively working on extending other maturities, maintaining a strong balance sheet with $2.7 billion in liquidity.
  • Lease concessions are averaging $140 to $150 per square foot for tenant improvements, with 13 to 15 months of free rent.
  • Vornado is interested in purchasing assets as office loans mature and is considering office-to-residential conversions.

Company Outlook

  • Vornado is actively backfilling known move-outs and expects occupancy to be flat by year-end.
  • The company is exploring office-to-residential conversion opportunities, targeting distressed buildings priced around $200 per square foot.

Bearish Highlights

  • The financing market remains challenging for Vornado.
  • Reduction in rental rates is attributed to known move-outs and lease expirations.

Bullish Highlights

  • Positive leasing activity in New York's office and retail markets.
  • Increased retail leasing activity, including a long-term renewal in Times Square for over $15 million per year.

Misses

  • There were no surprises in the earnings impact for the year.

Q&A Highlights

  • The net rent for Bloomberg's lease is $98 per square foot, subject to arbitration in 2029 with a maximum 10% increase or decrease.
  • Vornado sold two condo units at 220 Central Park South for $32 million, with smaller and less valuable units remaining.
  • The starting rent for the Citadel deal was not confirmed, as it is dependent on future financing costs.

Vornado's earnings call emphasized the company's strategic focus on managing its assets and financial health amidst a recovering market. The extension of Bloomberg's lease and the active leasing pipeline demonstrate confidence in the company's portfolio.

Vornado's interest in asset acquisitions and potential conversions from office to residential use signals adaptability to market conditions. With a strong liquidity position and proactive credit line management, Vornado is poised to navigate the evolving real estate landscape.

InvestingPro Insights

Vornado Realty Trust (VNO) has shown resilience and strategic acumen in navigating the real estate market's ebbs and flows. The recent extension of Bloomberg's lease is a testament to Vornado's ability to secure long-term commitments from high-profile tenants. This confidence is further reflected in the company's robust liquidity position and active management of its credit lines.

InvestingPro Data reveals a mixed financial landscape for Vornado. The company's Market Cap stands at $4.95 billion, with a high P/E Ratio of 174.02, which adjusts to 90.35 for the last twelve months as of Q1 2024. This high earnings multiple is worth noting, especially when considering the company's near-term earnings growth prospects. Additionally, Vornado's Revenue Growth shows a slight decline of 0.92% over the last twelve months as of Q1 2024, indicating a challenging environment for top-line growth.

Two notable InvestingPro Tips for Vornado include the company trading at a high P/E ratio relative to near-term earnings growth and the expectation of net income dropping this year. These insights suggest that investors should be cautious about the company's valuation and future profitability. However, it's important to recognize that Vornado has maintained dividend payments for 34 consecutive years, which could be a sign of its commitment to shareholder returns.

For investors seeking a deeper dive into Vornado's financial health and future prospects, there are additional InvestingPro Tips available. These tips could provide valuable context to the company's strategic decisions, such as its interest in purchasing assets and considering office-to-residential conversions.

To take advantage of these insights, readers can use the coupon code PRONEWS24 to get an additional 10% off a yearly or biyearly Pro and Pro+ subscription at InvestingPro. With 9 additional tips listed in InvestingPro, subscribers can gain a more comprehensive understanding of Vornado's position in the market and make informed investment decisions.

Full transcript - Vornado Realty (VNO) Q1 2024:

Operator: Good morning, and welcome to the Vornado Realty Trust First Quarter 2024 Earnings Call. My name is MJ, and I will be your operator for today's call. This call is being recorded for replay purposes. All lines are in a listen-only mode. Our speakers will address your questions at the end of the presentation during the question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] I would now like to turn the call over to Steven Borenstein, Executive Vice President and Corporation Counsel. Please go ahead.

Steven Borenstein: Welcome to Vornado Realty Trust's first quarter earnings call. Yesterday afternoon, we issued our first quarter earnings release and filed our quarterly report on Form 10-Q with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These documents, as well as our supplemental financial information packages are available on our website, www.vno.com, under the Investor Relations section. In these documents and during today's call, we will discuss certain non-GAAP financial measures. Reconciliations of these measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in our earnings release, Form 10-Q, and financial supplement. Please be aware that statements made during this call may be deemed forward-looking statements and actual results may differ materially from these statements due to a variety of risks, uncertainties, and other factors. Please refer to our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, for more information regarding these risks and uncertainties. The call may include time-sensitive information that may be accurate only as of today's date. The company does not undertake a duty to update any forward-looking statements. On the call today from management for our opening comments are Steven Roth, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer; and Michael Franco, President and Chief Financial Officer. Our senior team is also present and available for questions. I will now turn the call over to Steven Roth.

Steven Roth: Thank you, Steve, and good morning, everyone. We've been busy. Let's start with Bloomberg. As a reminder, 731 Lexington Avenue, the mixed-use tower, whose 950,000 square foot office condo is Bloomberg's global headquarters, is owned by Alexander's (NYSE:ALX), a separately traded public REIT. Vornado owns 32.4% of Alexander's. The background facts are Bloomberg lease expires in February 2029, $500 million -- and $500 million of debt on the office condo is due next month, June 2024. Yesterday, we announced that we renewed and extended the Bloomberg lease for an 11-year term to begin in February 2029 and take us through February 2040. So, 16 years of term from now. As you can imagine, every developer in town tried to poach Bloomberg. And of course, they looked at every opportunity, as they must. We are delighted that they chose to stay with 731 Lexington. By the way, the Bloomberg -- the building is as much Mike's creation as mine. He had significant input into the design of the original building. The design of the building and Bloomberg's internal fit-out are on a par with what we would have built today, but of course, now they don't need to. The terms of the lease are spilled out in yesterday's SEC filings. Tenant concessions in the form of TIs and free rent have been established, and the net rent will be the subject of an appraisal in 2029 with the then rent adjusted up or down no more than 10% either way, based on the then market conditions. We're in the process of refinancing this asset, but I must say I am not excited about paying today's market rate of 7% or even 8% for debt with all the trappings of leasing reserves, cash sweeps and such, which are admittedly protective of the lender, but don't do much for our equity value. As we speak, my personal favorite is to pay the debt down and maybe even pay the debt off, we shall see. Now, let's focus on our credit lines. Traditionally, we've had two separate but similar credit lines with staggered maturities. One credit line for $1.25 billion has been renewed through 2027 and the renewal of the second credit line was finalized last Friday at a reduced amount of $915 million with the term extended to April 2029. As expected in these times, several banks dropped out. We use our credit lines very sparingly, generally for short-term requirements with a known source of repayment, and rarely have we exceeded 25% drawdowns. Now to 280 Park Avenue. We own 50% of 280 Park Avenue. Since our joint venture partner has already reported, I'm guessing you are all pretty much up to date on the details. What we did here was extend the maturity of the senior loan for four years, keeping the rate constant with no paydown, but posting significant cash reserves for future leasing. Several analysts have commented that the loan and the equity value pretty much cancel out. And that fact allowed us to DPO the mezz loan at $0.50 on the dollar, realizing a $31.3 million gain at share, which we will recognize in the second quarter. This is not yet a big win, but it does create a cheap warrant on a wonderful asset located in prime Park Avenue, where there is already a very low 7% vacancy and a shortage of space. We think it's a first-class bet. By the way, we are leasing very well here. We continue to protect our balance sheet with interest rate caps and swaps, but when a 3% loan matures into a 7% market, there really is no place to hide. We continue to prospect for good real estate in distress, where our best-in-class operating platform can be helpful to the lender. We expect these opportunities to accelerate. The gold rush on the part of the luxury brands to own, control, and dominate the very best locations is accelerating and the knock-on effect on prime New York City retail space is palpable. It should be noted that in New York, we have much more prime retail space than anyone else by a wide margin. Some commentators have noted that the Fifth Avenue and Times Square values seem to have recovered to the pricing of our retail JV sale five years ago. It would seem so. I continue to strongly believe the contrarian bull case I made in my annual shareholders letter that basically with frozen supply, i.e., no new developer office starts and none in -- on the horizon, tenant requirements picking up and vacancies shrinking, I couldn't be more optimistic about the future. And also note that while the New York market has a huge 422 million square feet, when you cancel out the non-prime space, we really only compete in a much smaller 177 million square foot market. Great things are happening in our PENN District. Come by and take a look. Our team here at Vornado couldn't be more optimistic. Now, over to Michael.

Michael Franco: Thank you, Steve, and good morning, everyone. As expected, the financial results for the quarter were down from last year due to items that we previously forecasted. First quarter comparable FFO, as adjusted, was $0.55 per share compared to $0.60 per share for last year's first quarter, a decrease of $0.05. This decrease was primarily driven by lower NOI from higher net interest expense and no move-outs, partially offset by lower G&A expense. We have provided a quarter-over-quarter bridge in our earnings release and our financial supplement. Our overall New York business same-store cash NOI was down 5.1%, primarily due to the aforementioned expirations. As we indicated on our last earnings call, we expect our 2024 comparable FFO to be down from 2023 comparable FFO of $2.61 per share, primarily due to higher projected net interest expense of about $0.30 per share and the impact of known vacancies at certain of our properties, primarily at 1290 Avenue of the Americas, 770 Broadway, and 280 Park Avenue. We anticipate the impact of these expirations in 2024 to be roughly $0.25 to $0.30 per share. We expect this impact to be temporary as we have already leased up a good chunk of this space, but the GAAP earnings from these leases won't begin until sometime in 2025. We then expect earnings to increase as income from the lease-up of PENN and other vacancies comes online and as rates trend down. Now, turning to leasing markets. The New York office market continues to show signs of strengthening. While first quarter office leasing in New York took a bit of a breather from the strong year-end, there is a healthy backlog of activity with a number of large deals in the works. Overall, tenant space requirements continue to trend upward, sub-lease space continues to fall, best-in-class renovated and amenitized product located in transit hubs continues to dominate leasing and the new supply pipeline is close to zero. These dynamics set the table for continued improvement in conditions in the upper tier of the market, which we are already experiencing in our best-of-class portfolio. Overall, asking rents are stable, even rising in the top-tier properties, but concessions remain stubbornly high across all submarkets. The financial services and legal sectors are continuing to drive the leasing activity, as both are in growth mode. We are also seeing the first signs of life in the tech sector again after a couple of years of being on pause or downsizing. And our experience is, when they grow, they tend to lease big chunks of space. The Midtown and New West Side markets are outperforming as leasing activity in Midtown is strong, not only on Park Avenue, but also on Sixth Avenue and the Fifth Avenue, Madison Avenue corridor. On the West Side, tenant demand continues apace. If you walk from Seventh Avenue to the Hudson (NYSE:HUD) River, you will see why. Turning now to our leasing activity. After completing a slew of large leases in December 2023 and finishing last year with a market-leading 2.1 million square feet of deals, we expected a more muted first quarter of completed transactions, given where our deal pipeline stood in the negotiation process. In the first quarter, we leased 291,000 square feet at a healthy $89 per square-foot, reflecting the overall quality and premium locations of our properties. The highlight of the quarter was our 125,000 square foot headquarters lease with Major League Soccer at the new PENN 2. MLS had been in the market for some time, looking mainly in the Midtown core until late in their process when they toured PENN 2 and were wowed by what we've done with the building and the district. The project is now complete and really shows terrifically. Our new town hall events space is open. By the way, we hosted our first event just two weeks ago, attended by 300 people. And the rooftop pavilion and park are truly spectacular. Tenants are responding positively to everything that we've done and what's still to come. We have a significant pipeline at PENN 2 and are busy negotiating proposals with tenants across a variety of industry sectors. In addition to the significant Bloomberg lease renewal of almost 1 million square feet we just completed, our leasing pipeline is strong, with 370,000 feet of leases in negotiation and another 2.5 million feet of proposals out on the street in different stages. Much of this activity is not only addressing current vacancy, but also forward-looking expirations. As discussed on the fourth quarter call, we foreshadowed an occupancy decline due to the known Q1 move-outs at properties such as 1296 Avenue and 280 Park. We are pleased to report that we have already taken care of half the 2024 and 2025 expirations in these properties, with more activity on the horizon at each. Turning to retail. The retail leasing market continues to recover. As we discussed on our last call, Prada (OTC:PRDSY) and Kering (EPA:PRTP)'s blockbuster retail deals on Fifth Avenue that occurred in December demonstrated their long-term commitment to Manhattan and has further energized the market. And there are other potential sales rumored to be in the works. Vacancy rates are now below pre-pandemic 2019 levels in most Manhattan submarkets, and retailers are willing to pay top dollar for the best locations. Our retail leasing activity has picked up meaningfully in the last couple of quarters, with almost all our assets seeing significant interest. As evidence of the rebound, this quarter, in addition to signing many leases in the PENN District, we completed an important long-term renewal at one of our Times Square assets at the highest annual dollar rent we've achieved in our portfolio since pre-COVID, over $15 million per year. Turning to the capital markets now. While the financing markets still remain challenging, we are starting to see some stability for high-quality product. The CMBS market has begun to selectively reopen for office, lending at conservative metrics on quality assets with long weighted average lease term. Unsecured bond spreads for office continue to tighten. The market is much more open for high quality retail. That being said, coupons are still high. Banks remain on the sidelines and generally in workout mode, and there's more pain to come for all lenders, given the volume of office maturities in the next few years. This will create opportunities for us. We have been and continue to be very active on the capital markets front. In addition to the recent extensions on 280 Park and 435 Seventh, we're also in the process of extending our other 2024 maturities, which we expect to complete soon. Finally, and importantly, as Steve mentioned, just a few days ago, we finalized the recast of our revolver that was scheduled to mature in 2026 for $915 million. Completing this refinancing solidified a key portion of our liquidity through 2029 and gives us significant runway to deal with any challenges over the next few years. It also highlights the continued support of our key banks in this challenging environment. We thank them for their support. Our balance sheet remains in very good shape with strong liquidity. Pro forma for the new revolver size, our current liquidity is a strong $2.7 billion, including $1.1 billion of cash and restricted cash and $1.6 billion undrawn under our $2.17 billion revolving credit facilities. With that, I'll turn it over to the operator for Q&A.

Operator: [Operator Instructions] Today's first question comes from Steve Sakwa with Evercore ISI. Please go ahead.

Steve Sakwa: Yes. Hi, good morning. Michael, I was wondering if you could just follow up a little bit on the comments you made about the pipeline and just maybe help us think through how much of that 2.5 million square feet is maybe earmarked for PENN 2 and the development and how much is geared for, I guess, future rollovers, and how much is geared to kind of current vacancy in the portfolio?

Michael Franco: Good morning, Steve. Glen, you want to take a lead on that?

Glen Weiss: Sure. Hi, Steve, it's Glen. How are you doing? So, I would say it's a very, very balanced mix of what you just described. We're seeing a surge in proposals coming in on PENN, both PENN 1 and PENN 2, coming off the heels of our Major League Soccer lease. We're seeing expirations, outbound expiration tenants coming to us to early renew, just like we did with Bloomberg this week. And in addition, much of the pipeline is attacking expirations at the buildings where we have space available today. So I'd say it's a healthy mix across the portfolio of PENN and otherwise.

Steve Sakwa: Okay. Thanks. And as a follow-up, Michael, just to, I guess, go back to some of the information you provided on kind of, I guess, the earnings drag from the lost occupancy this year, just to be clear, if you took the $0.30 hit from the interest expense and now you're sort of quantifying this $0.25 to $0.30 hit from the known vacates, some of which I know has been re-leased and will rebound maybe in '25 and beyond, you're kind of suggesting that there is sort of a $0.60 drag this year as we think about '24 and then are there other positive offsets that might sort of take that number a little bit up from, say, the $2 level?

Michael Franco: Yeah. So, look, in terms of your -- the sort of detail there, I think that's accurate, right? We talked about interest last quarter and sort of reaffirmed the $0.30 this quarter. Yeah, the $0.25 to $0.30 are sort of the known vacates. And as we've mentioned, we backfilled a lot of that already at 1290 and 280. Look, we have a lot that we're working on. There's some things that could certainly make that number more positive, but I think we're trying to give you the downside version today. And so, I can't tell you where exactly it's going to come out. But I think if you say, look, let's take sort of worst case scenario, the $0.30 plus the $0.25 to $0.30 gets you down $0.55 to $0.60. I think that's a good baseline, and our objective is to beat that, but there's still a lot moving around.

Steve Sakwa: Great. Thanks. That's it for me.

Steven Roth: Steve, let me just tack on on that for a second. So, I mean, the numbers that you mentioned that and that Michael just mentioned are accurate for this year. Let's build from there and see what the company's future looks like on an almost certain basis. So, if you start with re-renting the vacancies and we get back from whatever we are now to our normal, 96%, 97%, 98% occupancy, that adds a big number to our earnings. When 1 PENN -- 2 PENN comes online, that's another $100 million give or take of earnings that comes online that is brand new. If interest rates settle down into some kind of stabilized number, that also improves earnings enormously. So the company has the earnings potential of being, we think, pretty spectacular, and that's what we're shooting for. So we're looking at it now not on one month or one quarter basis, we're looking at what the company's earning power would be, pick a number, two years, three years out. And we are extremely excited about that.

Operator: Thank you. The next question is from John Kim with BMO Capital Markets. Please go ahead.

John Kim: Thank you. Michael, in your prepared remarks, you talked about tech sector coming back to the market in Manhattan and also referenced retailers potentially looking to purchase their flagship stores similar to Prada. Is your commentary more of a market commentary, or do you see Vornado involved in either one of those two?

Michael Franco: I mean, like I think it's both, John. I mean, we've got some of the best product in town in both categories. I think we've done more tech leasing than any other landlord in the city. We have all the big four in our portfolio. So, we maintain an active dialogue with all those players. So I would expect that if the tech sector becomes active again, we're going to get more than our fair share. And in terms of the pipeline, I think the tech sector was pretty dormant for the last 18 months, 24 months either on pause or, in some cases, downsizing space. And we've seen in the last 90 days a real pickup there, started small and now we're seeing some more significant requirements. So, we do think some of those will convert to activity and we're quite optimistic about that sector turning on again. On the retail side, I think you know better than anybody, given the discussions we've had in the past, we own the best retail in the city. So if you want to be on Fifth Avenue, particularly given the shrinking amount of availability that can be leased, we're the first, second, third, call it, Times Square, we own both sides of the bow tie. So, activity level has picked up significantly in both those submarkets. The animal spirits are alive and well amongst retailers. They see that Manhattan is thriving again, their sales numbers reflect it. And Prada and Kering's announcements obviously garner worldwide attention and I think make every other retailer question, what are we doing, right, both from a leasing standpoint and buying standpoint. There's obviously been other transactions rumored, but I don't think you've seen the last of the retailer purchases and, obviously, given our portfolio, we are a fertile ground. So, we expect to be in the mix there.

John Kim: Okay. And my follow-up is on 350 Park Avenue. The leasing environment and interest rate environment or the outlook has changed a lot in the past year and a half since you struck the deal. What is the likelihood that either Citadel or you exercise your options at this point?

Steven Roth: There's always a likelihood, but right now, we're on full steam ahead to build a world-class headquarters for Citadel. We've started the public approval process and it's a couple of year process to design the building, complete the drawings, get through the public approval process. And obviously, we will reappraise the financial markets at that time. Citadel is growing, they want the space, they're committed to the deal, as are we.

John Kim: And can you confirm the starting rent for Citadel is reported at $35 million?

Steven Roth: No, sir, we can't. It's a formulaic rent, which depends upon what the cost of financing is at the time that we -- at the time we go into the financing market.

John Kim: Got you. Okay. Thank you.

Operator: Thank you. The next question is from Michael Griffin with Citi. Please go ahead.

Michael Griffin: Great. Thanks. Michael, I wanted to go back to your comments around concessions being stubbornly high. I mean, I imagine that's the case for the market overall, but if you look at maybe better-off submarkets like Park Avenue or even some of your properties on the West Side, the PENN District, how are you seeing concessions there, given that the environment seems to have improved?

Michael Franco: Glen, you want to hit that?

Glen Weiss: Yeah, sure. Hi, it's Glen. Yeah, I would tell you, no matter the submarket, on new leases, TIs are somewhere between 140, 150 a foot and free rent is somewhere in the 13-month, 15-month range. I think as it relates to submarket specific, it's really about the rent. So, in some of the submarkets, we are seeing an uptick in rent where supply is tightening, as you would expect.

Michael Griffin: Got you. That's helpful. I mean, and maybe just some color on lease expirations this year. It looks like there's a big one in the second quarter, about 3% of the overall rent. The space to rent there right now seems pretty high. What's the likelihood of renewing or backfilling the space, or is this one of those known move-outs that you described earlier?

Glen Weiss: It's the Meta (NASDAQ:META) space that comes back to us in June that we spoke about on our last earnings call. That's the lease you're pertaining to.

Michael Griffin: And in terms of potential of backfilling or renewing the space, what's demand looking like on it?

Glen Weiss: We have action on this space that's part of our pipeline that we described. We feel very good about the asset and very good about backfilling that space. It's the most unique asset in Midtown South. We feel good about it.

Michael Griffin: Great. That's it for me. Thanks for the time.

Operator: Thank you. The next question is from Floris van Dijkum with Compass Point. Please go ahead.

Floris van Dijkum: Thanks for taking my question. Rather than get into the details on the leasing, which obviously is very important as well, but I wanted to ask a question on sort of the market and get Steve and Michael's view on the opportunity that's going to be represent -- or presenting itself, I think, when the $200 billion of office loans mature over the next -- actually in '24, as well as the other $100 billion next year. What do you see happening with -- some of those, obviously, are unlikely to be refinanced. And so, where do you see Vornado in that situation? Do you have -- can you play a role in maybe buying some assets? And maybe does that help cause some of the bullishness in Steve's tone on the outlook for the year -- for the next two years?

Michael Franco: Good morning, Floris. So, look, I think in terms of the debt rolling over, which is significant over the next few years, as we all know, the capital markets are not there to support refinancing the vast majority of that. And so, I think what happens there is going to take one of a few forms. It depends on the quality of the asset, the sponsor of the asset, and what its future looks like. And we've seen some examples where, the older, obsolete buildings where debt rolls doesn't have a future as an office building or certainly with that sponsor and the lenders have taken it back or there's been a consensual sale of some of those assets. Something like a 1740 Broadway would be a recent example. So I think we'll see a fair amount of that on some of those older buildings. Then there's a category where they just over-leverage where there is a future. And again, I think the lender will assess whether the sponsor has the wherewithal and the capability to either re-tenant or support the asset. And in some cases, they will; in many cases they won't. We're talking to the lenders about that. And I think they'll look for solutions, right? I think lenders in general know that taking back assets and offering them certainly in the office space is not a winning strategy. Value deteriorates fairly quickly. Tenants don't want to go into those buildings. So, we do think there's going to be opportunity to work with existing lenders, be a solutions provider. We have a leading operating platform. We expect to deploy capital there. And I think it could be in either one of those buckets. It could be buildings that are -- that with our capabilities can be leased back up, stabilized, value could be created or it could be assets that can be repurposed from office to residential potentially. So, the answer is we are actively looking. We expect to play in that. And I think we're still at the beginning stages.

Floris van Dijkum: And I know it's early in terms of what transactions would look like. But presumably, for you to utilize part of your significant cash hordes, which, again, sets you apart from some of your peers, you would have to have, I would imagine, returns that are in excess of the 7%-plus financing rates that you would have to pay today if you were to theoretically get assets. Is that the right way to think about it? Your returns are somewhere [indiscernible]

Michael Franco: Yeah. I mean, look, I think our objective of deploying cash is not to invest in real estate, it's going to generate core returns, right? I mean, this is an opportunity that is, by the way, not for the faint of heart, right? I mean, you're taking risk and you want to get rewarded for that. So, the returns need to be attractive. So yes, I think the stabilized yields, I think it depends a little bit on the nature of the asset and where you think ultimate cap rates settle out for particular assets. But no question that the required yields are in the neighborhood that you mentioned.

Floris van Dijkum: Great. Maybe -- and one follow-up. In terms of your retail segment, again, particularly your Fifth Avenue, which is, again, as you highlight unique, where do you think market rents are today? And I know you have 92%, I think is your occupancy rate in your Times Square JV, sorry, your Fifth Avenue and Times Square JV. But if you were to sign rent today in -- on Fifth Avenue, where would you say market rents are for that space?

Michael Franco: I think it's been a -- there's been a couple transactions that we signed probably, I guess, last year. And that would indicate that rents at the time were in the mid-to-high $2,000 per square foot, all right? Now, maybe there was a tick where they bottom in the $1,000, $1,500 neighborhood. But I think realistically, it's back into that mid-2s, maybe even low-3s depending on the situation. And I think for luxury, given there's such a scarcity, it could be higher. So it -- Fifth Avenue, it's hard to paint a broad brush. It's a very scarce asset class. And for the right situation, you can command rents that are not too far off the peak. For the wrong asset, with retailers, don't think it configures well, you can't achieve that. So look, I think rents have recovered quite a bit. They're continuing to recover. Obviously, the Times Square lease we signed recently, I think, is evidence of that. And so, we expect that to continue.

Operator: Thank you. The next question comes from Dylan Burzinski with Green Street. Please go ahead.

Dylan Burzinski: Hi, guys. Thanks for taking the question. I guess, just sort of going back to the acquisition point, is there any desire to -- given the lack of debt financing available out there, to sort of go into it from a debt perspective and possibly from a loan to own, or is this purely, as you guys are looking at things, more so looking at things on the equity side today?

Steven Roth: The easiest way to buy a building is through the debt. So, that's obviously target number-one.

Dylan Burzinski: Got it. And then as you guys think about opportunities, is this purely -- I guess, purely focused on office or are there other retail opportunities that you guys think would also make sense?

Steven Roth: We're open to buy office, obviously, and retail, obviously. So those are the two areas that we specialize in.

Dylan Burzinski: And then, I guess, just a broader capital allocation question. I know in the past, you guys have floated opportunistically selling assets. I guess, is that still on the table or are you guys now more focused on sort of going out and acquiring assets and growing the company on an external growth basis?

Steven Roth: We have, I think, basically, four fairly significant sale transactions that are in various stages of conversation right now as we speak.

Operator: Thank you very much. The next question comes from Alexander Goldfarb with Piper Sandler. Please go ahead.

Alexander Goldfarb: Hey, good morning and thank you. So a few -- two questions here. And first, Michael, good to hear about the rebound in street retail rents. That's really amazing, what a journey it's been. So the first question is, Steve, on the Bloomberg lease, so when we read the Q, the rents that are cited in there are basically a sliding scale, but a negotiation in the future will address. So it's not as though we take that -- the one rent, and then it slides up to the next. It's that's the range that the negotiation will be in.

Steven Roth: Alex, you published something that said there was a 25% discount in the rent. I don't know how you got that math, and that's incorrect. So the way the -- pardon me, the way the deal is structured is, the basic rent on that building is basically net. There's a very small portion, maybe 50,000 feet out of the 950,000 feet that's growth. But 900,000 feet of it is net. So, let's call it a net lease. The lease has a bump between now and 2029. And so, when we get to the end of 2029, where we basically start, the net rent is $98 a foot, which grosses up to -- well into the 150s of dollars a foot. So, that's the starting point. Now, we established -- first of all, you recognize that we are renewing and extending a lease five years before the mature -- before the lease expires. And so, you have to take effect of the future -- unknown future and the contingencies. So, what we did there was we established what the tenant concessions, TIs, and leasing commissions were. Those are frozen. The starting rent is frozen. And then from there, there is a market-based appraisal as to what the proper market rate would be if we did the renewal at the then expiry of the lease in 2029, taking into account the already established tenant concession. But the color is, though, that it can't be more than 10% more than the $98 a foot net or 10% less. So we have certainty on the bottom as to what the rent would be and it will be established as the fair rent in the then market, which we think was a very clever -- by the way, both tenant and landlord think was a fair deal and a clever way of handling the future. There's nothing in this deal whatsoever that contemplates any reduction in the rent. It will be an arbitration based on the market.

Alexander Goldfarb: Steve, thank you. And I apologize for getting that incorrect. That was -- my apologies. So, your clarification is that the rent that's cited…

Steven Roth: Wait a second, Wait a second, I accept your apology. Thank you. That's very generous of you.

Alexander Goldfarb: Well, I've made an -- so, basically, in the way the rent is characterized now is the $29 million a quarter is characterized as gross, whereas the rents that are in the queue for the terms are now net. And it sounds like that's the confusion that I had on my end. Is that correct?

Steven Roth: I won't get into why you were confused. I'm just happy that you admit that you were confused.

Alexander Goldfarb: Okay, I just -- great. The next question is on the rents for this year, to Steve Sakwa's question, Michael, you mentioned that originally it was down $0.25 to $0.30. Now, it seems to be down $0.55 based on further lease move-outs, what have you. Was there some stuff that fell out of bed that was unexpected or what -- or did I not hear correctly? I just want to understand, like, was there stuff that came up and surprised or what drove -- what's driving the additional earnings impact this year?

Michael Franco: Yeah. Yeah. Maybe a little bit more confusion there, Alex. So, on the last call, we talked about it, it was early in the year. I gave clarity on the interest reduction, because a lot of that was baked in with hedges that were going to roll off. We knew those -- where those were going to roll off to. And we mentioned that there would be an impact from the known move-outs, right, and cited what those were. But obviously, there's a lot moving out. So it was -- we didn't quantify what the impact of those numbers were. We're quantifying that for everybody's benefit on this call. So, I don't think -- no surprises, right? Just trying to put a little more precision on it now that we're in May, as opposed to where we were. And look, there's going to be more that moves around and that number could be less. But I think in terms of where we sit today, we have a known set between particularly 1290, 770, 280 that drive the bulk of that. Obviously, we talked about re-leasing a lot of that and a lot of those deals have been announced. But just trying to get more precision to just the general statement we made last quarter.

Operator: Thank you. The next question is from Michael Lewis with Truist Securities. Please go ahead.

Michael Lewis: Great. Thank you. I'm just going to follow up on that question about the re-leasing activity on some of the known move-outs. So, I could probably triangulate an occupancy rate on that $0.25 drag. But could you share -- maybe just share how much square footage is related to known move-outs this year and how much of that square footage you've already addressed?

Michael Franco: Glen, you want to take that, or I want to take that?

Glen Weiss: The bulk of the number is at 280 Park, 770 Broadway, and 1290 Avenue of the Americas. At 1290 and 280, we've taken care of, as Michael said in his remarks, 51% of the roll, so call it 500,000 feet of 1 million feet. And as we said, at 770 Broadway, we have Meta rolling in June. Along with the current vacancy, we have pipeline activity on that space. So that's how we're approaching the big ones that are in that occupancy number. So, as we take into account our pipeline of deals, as we take into account our expirations going through '24, we may see more of a dip in occupancy, and as we complete transactions during the next six months to nine months, we expect that occupancy to then climb back as we get into 2025.

Michael Lewis: Okay. Great. Thanks. And then my second question is about THE MART. So, occupancy dipped down to 77.6% in the most recent quarter. Pre-pandemic, that was always 95% to 100%. Could you maybe talk a little bit about kind of the roadmap there and what you think stabilized occupancy or given that there's obviously some volatility at that asset, what maybe like a stabilized kind of revenue figure might look like for THE MART?

Michael Franco: So I'll start, Glen, then you jump in. Like, the Chicago market is obviously challenging right now, probably one of the more challenging ones in the country. But we do have decent activity on the asset. I would say that alluding to some of the prior questions, there's quite a bit of distress in Chicago office. Many landlords do not have the wherewithal to lease their assets, given the debt situation there. We have an asset that has no debt on it. And so, I think the sponsorship, the strength is well-known by the brokers and the tenants, and I think that's helping us. We just finished what we call MART 2.0, which is the second stage of amenities that we put in, fitness, conferencing, et cetera. And again, the reaction to that's been positive. So, the market's tough, cannot dismiss that, but I think we're seeing more than our fair share there. And I think that's going to take probably three years to get back to stabilized occupancy realistically. Maybe it's two, but I think when the income fully comes online, it's probably in the neighborhood, and our objective is to get it back into the 90s-percent occupied, get it 95%-plus and get the income back up to that $90 million to $100 million on a cash NOI basis. So there's a fair amount of growth to come there. But the market is, as I said, challenging right now.

Operator: Thank you. The next question is from Caitlin Burrows with Goldman Sachs. Please go ahead.

Unidentified Analyst: Hi, this is Julien on for Caitlin. Thanks for taking the question. One quick one. Can you comment on whether the leasing spreads in the quarter benefited from the PENN District leasing and what that leasing spread might have been ex PENN leases?

Michael Franco: Yeah, I think the answer is that the spread, PENN 2 was Major League Soccer with the big lease in this quarter. That's a new lease, first generation. So, didn't affect the spread.

Unidentified Analyst: Okay. Good to know. And then a second one, on the debt covenant, it looked like interest coverage and fixed-charge coverage tightened a bit in the quarter. I know longer term, the metric is going to benefit from the occupancy gain you talked about from PENN District NOI, and it also sounds like you have some sales underway. But can you give us a sense of maybe the trajectory over the coming quarters, given the fact that -- I know there's that sort of big swap expiration at 555 Cal.

Michael Franco: Yeah. No, you're accurate. I think the impact this quarter was predominantly the big item was the swap increase on PENN 11, we were coming up, I think -- if I go from recollection, I think it was 17 basis points. So, too bad that couldn't go forever, but that was the material item this quarter. A couple of other things as well, but that was the big one. Next quarter -- second quarter, if you will, you're accurate, 555, we put in place another swap. That would kick in an increase. So, as we look forward, we continue to have sufficient cushion in our covenants. Fixed charge will tighten up over the next couple of quarters, but we still have sufficient buffer there. And then as the income comes online from some of these leases, that number will grow again. But it will tighten up a little bit based on the 555 swap rate increase.

Operator: Thank you. The next question is from Nick Yulico with Scotiabank. Please go ahead.

Nick Yulico: Thank you. I just wanted to go back to the $0.25, $0.30 impact this year from vacancy. So, I guess, that adds up to about $55 million, $60 million of NOI versus your total NOI share last year of $1.14 billion. So it's somewhat like a 5% NOI loss on that math, if that's correct. So, I guess I'm just wondering, how does that -- is there other moving parts here besides just some of the vacancy impact you talked about? Because if I look at your supplement, in the fourth quarter, you had 5% of your rent expiring in New York and you're obviously not all expiring. So, the 5% NOI loss number seems a little bit high relative to what your expirations were this year.

Michael Franco: There may be a one-tenth that expired December 31st last year, but I think in a nutshell, that's it. I mean, it's pure and simple. The vast majority of it is 1296, 280 Park, and 770, and you get to that sort of number. I mean, there's a little bit of positives, a little bit of negatives, but those are the three main drivers. So, we just we came through a period where there was some known move-outs and we're backfilling those, as we discussed, but that's it. And it just occurred at various stages everywhere from December 31st through -- probably the last one is Meta, which is in the middle of this year.

Michael Franco: There may be a one-tenth that expired December 31st last year, but I think in a nutshell, that's it. I mean, it's pure and simple. The vast majority of it is 1296, 280 Park, and 770, and you get to that sort of number. I mean, there's a little bit of positives, a little bit of negatives, but those are the three main drivers. So, we just we came through a period where there was some known move-outs and we're backfilling those, as we discussed, but that's it. And it just occurred at various stages everywhere from December 31st through -- probably the last one is Meta, which is in the middle of this year.

Nick Yulico: Okay. Thanks. And then I just want to be clear on the way to think about occupancy and, Michael, last quarter, when you were talking about sort of a flattish occupancy this year, does that mean that by the time we get to the fourth quarter of this year, it's a sort of a flat year-over-year occupancy? I'm assuming it's not a sort of average occupancy for the year, that would be flat year-over-year based on that.

Michael Franco: Yeah. Yeah, I would say, by the end of the year. I mean, again, it depends on timing of certain things. And I don't know that I can say it with precision this will happen by the fourth quarter as opposed to January or whatnot. But we think, rough numbers, it will end up there. So -- but we'll see. It's still -- we're still in the first half of the year and we just have to see how it plays out. But I think, like, occupancy, it's down, now it's going to trend down a little more, given, for example, the Meta move-out in June, but we have some other things in the works that we can pick that up. So we'll see where it comes out in total. I think as we look at trend line, it will, we think, increase meaningfully over time. We are going to bring PENN 2 into the numbers next year. Depending on where we are from a leasing standpoint there, that number could bring the average down, but obviously, that's sort of an extraneous event that's being added to the denominator. So we'll evaluate it as we get closer.

Operator: Thank you. The next question is a follow-up from Michael Lewis with Truist. Please go ahead.

Michael Lewis: Yeah, thanks. I just have one more. You sold two condo units at 220 Central Park South for about $32 million. Are the remaining four units similar in value, roughly $16 million a unit? I don't know if you have -- maybe you have a penthouse left or you have smaller units. I was just wondering about that.

Steven Roth: No, the remaining four units are smaller, lower, view impaired, so they're much less valuable.

Michael Lewis: Okay. Thank you.

Steven Roth: Basically, this -- that job is basically sold out.

Michael Lewis: Perfect. Thanks.

Operator: Thank you. The next question is a follow-up from Alexander Goldfarb with Piper Sandler. Please go ahead.

Alexander Goldfarb: Thank you. Steve, with the new office to conversion incentives, does this open a door for you to contemplate either assets from the existing portfolio or perhaps assets that are -- that you've always eyed as would be great for conversion and seem to maybe have a motivated owner who would be willing? Just seems like the incentive package that they passed is pretty lucrative for office landlords to convert.

Steven Roth: Alex, good morning again. Yes -- the answer is yes, of course, though, there's a couple of things. First of all, the building that you're going to be converting, the target building, has to price somewhere in the neighborhood of some $200 a foot or sub-$200 a foot. So these are really distressed office buildings. They're not -- they're distressed office buildings. Let me leave it at that. So the pricing and the economics really don't allow you to pay more, maybe even a pinch more, but probably not. So that's step number one. Step number two is that, obviously, if those are the economics and those are the target, the target building, these are the B and C buildings in the office market. So when those buildings are taken out of the conventional office market, they really don't help the prime A market, because the tenants that we deal with who are interested in A space don't really ever look at that. So the answer is that we will be able to, as an industry, convert a decent number of buildings. It will make a dent -- not a big dent, but a dent in the residential market and the demand for residential space. But it will have a marginal effect on the conventional Class A office market. But clearly, we're looking at that. It's an interesting activity and it's a -- it's something that we will look at. I'm not 100% sure that the returns on capital are going to be what some people think they are, but anyway, we are looking at it pretty aggressively.

Operator: Thank you very much. There are no further questions at this time.

Steven Roth: Okay. Thank you all very much. We appreciate your joining us this morning and we will be anxious to -- we always learn from these calls and so, thank you for that. We are excited about the next the quarter and the future, and we'll see you at the next earnings call. Thank you.

Operator: Ladies and gentlemen, this concludes today's conference. Thank you for your participation. You may now disconnect your lines.

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